Definitions Of Subsistence

The US has a complicated subsistence system.  Alaska defines subsistence as “…non-commercial, customary and traditional uses of wild, renewable resources…for direct personal or family consumption as food, shelter, clothing, tools, or transportation…”.  The fish captured may be used for customary trade or barter.  Except where specifically exempted, it is open to all Alaskans outside of the non-subsistence areas.  The federal government can over-ride the state on federal lands.  In Canada the subsistence fishery is almost exclusively the First Nation fishery.  Salmon may be caught for food, cultural and ceremonial purposes and for trade with other First Nations.